Slow-Growing Fruit Trees
Few fruit trees are listed a slow growing. The actual growth rate in any category will depend on issues including the region of the country you are in, the amount of rainfall received and the quality of your soil. These are all key for any tree to achieve its true growth potential.
Medium-Growing Fruit Trees
Cherry trees and almost all plum trees are in the medium-growth category. There are also some species of apple trees that are listed as medium growth. These include the Lodi Apple and the Red Jonathan trees.
Fast-Growing Fruit Trees
Peach trees, pear trees and apricot trees are among the fast-growing varieties of fruit trees. There are also three varieties of apple trees that fall into this category. The Early Harvest Apple, the Red Delicious and the Yellow Delicious are all fast growing and can produce a significant crop.
Plum trees and cherry trees produce fruit when they are 4 to 5 years of age and live as long as 20 years. Pear trees produce fruit when they are 5 to 8 years of age and live as long as 45 years. Apple trees produce fruit when they are 6 to 10 years of age and live as long as 45 years.
Size of Fruit Trees
Most varieties of apple trees grow to a maximum of 25 feet in height. Apple trees generally have an oval shape. Peach trees grow to a maximum of 25 feet in height and have a round shape when mature. Plum trees average a height of 20 feet when fully grown and have an oval shape. Pear trees, when mature, are oval shaped and can can reach 20 feet tall. Cherry trees grow to 18 feet in height and have a round shape. Apricot trees can reach as tall as 20 feet when fully grown and have a distinctive round shape.
The abiu tree is a small fruit tree that bears yellow, fleshy fruit about the size of a tennis ball. Each fruit contains a large cavity that holds the seeds and takes up about half of the inside volume. This is surrounded by juicy, caramel-flavored flesh that is pale yellow in color.
The tree itself only grows to about 12 to 15 feet tall, but it bears fruit within two or three years of planting. Although this tree requires full sunlight to blossom, it bears its fruit in the middle of the winter.
White Mountain Apple
The white mountain apple tree bears a kind of apple that is not usually sold in standard supermarkets. Like their name implies, these apples are white-colored with a slight greenish tint and look almost like they have been covered in candy or dye. The outside has a similar texture to a pear, but they are crunchy and round like apples. The fruit is very juicy and sweet.
The tree is medium-sized and should be planted 25 feet apart from each other to allow plenty of room to grow. When the tree is getting ready to bear fruit, it will produce beautiful white flowers all over its branches. It bears fruit in about two to three years.
The starapple tree bears a gorgeous purple-shaded fruit that looks like a star when sliced open. Certain varieties come in a vibrant . The inside is studded with seeds and the leaves have a bronze tint to them.
The starapple tree is relatively large and should be planted 25 feet away from other trees, but it is fast growing. You should see fruit within three years.
Starfruit is a cousin of the starapple tree because both look like a star when sliced open and both trees grow quickly. Starfruits come in a yellow or pale green and have five ridges running lengthwise across the body of the fruit. This makes for a five-pointed star when they are cut across. The fruit is sweet, but slightly tangy in flavor and extremely juicy. The tree grows quickly and bears fruit within two to three years.